Teaching and Learning » Response to Instruction & Interventions

Response to Instruction & Interventions

What is Response to Instruction & Interventions (RTIi)?

RTIi is the practice of providing high-quality instruction and intervention matched to student need, monitoring progress frequently to make decisions about change in instruction or goals and applying child response data to important educational decisions (NASDSE, 2005).
North Wasco County School District - RTIi Handbook (as of August 2017)
RTIi Parent Brochure

What is the goals for RTIi?


  • Leadership: Build leadership skills in school and district leaders for developing the infrastructure, implementation, accountability and sustainability of an RTIi system.

  • Professional Development: Help districts develop the capacity to identify staff needs and provide the training, coaching, and support necessary to maintain a high level of system implementation and effectiveness.

  • Instruction: Support districts in providing high-quality, effective instruction and interventions matched to student need that raises the achievement of all students in all sub-groups.

  • Data-Based Decision Making: Support districts in establishing data-based decision-making systems and teaming structures that drive an ongoing cycle of instructional improvement.

  • Assessment Systems: Support districts to develop, use, and maintain assessment systems that improve the quality and effectiveness of instruction, screen students to determine their instructional needs, monitor the progress of students in interventions, and evaluate the implementation integrity of the system overall.

  • SLD Identification: Support districts in developing the capacity and confidence to make SLD eligibility decisions that are appropriate and meaningful through the RTIi process. 

  • Outreach: Increase statewide awareness and accurate understanding of RTIi systems and the benefits to students and educators, and help districts develop their readiness and commitment to implement RTIi.


How is the RTIi model implemented within the schools?


District Team Structures


  • District Leadership Team: (DLT)
    • Who:   The DLT are typically district-level staff that have the decision-making authority to guide educational practices, establish procedures, and dedicate necessary resources to implement and maintain RTIi systems.  The DLT promotes funding, visibility and political support for RTIi.  The DLT guides the process but typically does not directly train and support daily implementation.
    • What:
        • Establish the overarching vision
        • Determine priorities
        • Establish policies
        • Make decisions around resource allocation
        • Eliminate obstacles impeding implementation efforts that would impact achieving the vision
        • Guides the District Implementation Team
        • Oversee RTII Handbook
        • Oversee Implementation Plan

*Examples of DLT members: district level administrators (such as superintendents, assistant superintendents, curriculum directors, special education directors),  district RTIi coordinators, state reporters (Title I, II, III, ESEA, CIP) and others depending on a district’s organizational structure and size.


  • District Implementation Team: (DIT)
    • Who:  The DIT are staff members that have or can develop the knowledge and skills to build staff consensus, develop district RTIi structures, and train and coach staff to implement RTIi practices.  They receive guidance from the DLT.  
    • What:
        • Develop RTIi Handbook
        • Develop Implementation Plan
        • Plan and conduct training/coaching
        • Provide on-going support of implementation efforts
        • Develops and trains the RTII Handbook
        • Typically includes the following types of staff (representatives from the following groups) district and building administrators, specialists, special education staff, teacher leaders, and others positioned to guide the implementation process. Usually staff that are willing to engage in this work.  


  • Building/School Implementation Team: (BIT)
    • Who:  The BIT are staff members that have or can develop the knowledge and skills to support RTIi implementation in his/her school by communicating, training, and monitoring RTIi implementation.  They assess building RTIi needs and determine action steps to support the needs while embedding their work into the School Improvement process.
    • What:
        • Conduct training for staff members on RTIi processes at their school.
        • Communicate RTIi district expectations to staff at their school.
        • Report back to the DIT about what RTIi practices are working well and which need more support.
        • Connect RTIi work to the School Improvement process.
        • Typically includes the following types of staff: principal, teacher leader representative from the primary and upper-grade levels, special education, ESL and Title 1 representatives.  
Oregon Response to Intervention website: www.oregonrti.org